|Giappone: la privatizzazione delle poste, un’occasione per una riforma del sistema politico|
|Scritto da Bertolini Elisa|
1. La Dieta e il progetto di privatizzazione delle poste. – 2. Rilevanti precedenti di scioglimento della Camera bassa. – 3. Il progetto di privatizzazione delle poste. – 4. Lo scioglimento della Camera bassa: cause e ripercussioni sul mondo politico. – 5. Le elezioni dell’11 settembre. – 6. Conclusioni.
The main issue of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s reform plan is the privatization of Japan Post. The government drew up a package of six bills to reform the postal system. Japan Post is the biggest bank in the world. On July 5, the bills were submitted to the Lower House and passed by only a few votes. On August 8, the Upper House dropped the bills. In response, Koizumi decided to dissolve the Lower House and to call a snap election for September 11th, in order to ask the people if they were in favour of the postal privatization or not. The LDP obtain a landslide victory, winning 296 of the 480 seats. A few days after the election, Koizumi summoned the Diet for a special session, in order to have the bills approved from both the Lower and Upper House as soon as possible. According to the bills, Japan post will be dissolved in October 2007 and four companies, a postal service firm, a firm to run post offices, a postal saving bank and a postal insurance, will be set up under the umbrella of a government-funded holding company. The holding company must sell all the shares of the postal saving bank and insurance company to fully privatize them by the 30th September 2017.