Diritto Pubblico Comparato ed Europeo

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La forma di governo della Croazia: da “presidenzialismo” a regime parlamentare di Tanja
Fascicolo 2001-4
Scritto da Cerruti Tanja   


1. Cenni introduttivi. – 2. La forma di governo croata. – 3. Le recenti revisioni della Costituzione. – 4. Valutazioni conclusive.



In 1990 the Republic of Croatia became independent and adopted a new Constitution, inspired on liberal democratic principles and having as model the French Fifth Republic’s Constitution of 1952, as modified in 1962. The Croatian President exercised however wider powers than the French Head of State and, as he was also the leader of the majoritarian party in the Sabor, he could in fact decide, with a little number of collaborators, about all the aspects of the political and economical life in the Country. Between November 2000 and March 2001 two consistent constitutional revisions took place: the main purpose of the reform was to reduce the President’s powers and to introduce more forms of control and cooperation between the three powers of the State; the Government, which was the most “furthered” by this reform, depends now only from the First Chamber and no more from the President. The Second Chamber, which formally represented the Zupanije (regions), has been eliminated.